The most common sleep disorder is insomnia and affects millions of Americans. However, disorders of excessive day time somnolence are both more disabling and more likely to increase your risk of high blood pressure (hypertension), heart attack, stroke, or a serious motor vehicle accident. The sleep disorder experts at Michigan Neurology Associates & PC in Clinton Township, St. Clair Shores, Utica, and Westland, Michigan, can determine the type of sleep disorder you suffer from and provide the most appropriate treatment. If you’re in the Metro Detroit area, schedule a consultation online or by phone today to learn more about diagnosing and treating sleep disorders.
A sleep disorder is a condition that affects your normal sleep/wake pattern. While you sleep, your body is conducting many important biological processes that keep your body tissues healthy and your mind sharp. Not surprisingly, not getting the right amount of sleep not only makes you feel tired, but it also affects your physical and mental health.
There are several types of sleep disorders. The team at Michigan Neurology Associates & PC specialize in sleep disorders and can determine the type of condition causing your abnormal sleep pattern. Some of the most common sleep disorders include:
Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that affects your breathing while you sleep.
The most common form of Sleep apnea is Obstructive Sleep Apnea or OSA. During one of these OSA events your airflow can be reduced from 30-100% caused by soft tissue in the airway to vibrate or “snore”. These events cause the body’s blood oxygen levels to decrease and the brain to arouse or partially “wake” for a few seconds to trigger normal breathing. During this time the heart rate will increase to speed the newly oxygenated blood to the brain.
These physiological changes throughout the night not only cause excessive daytime sleepiness because the body does not get the deep restorative sleep it needs, but depending on the number of events per hour, can put the patient at a higher risk of heart attack, irregular heartbeat, stroke, serious motor vehicle accidents, trouble regulating blood pressure and insulin levels, excessive enuresis (frequent urination at night), and impotence.
Diagnosis of sleep apnea can be confirmed by a sleep study or polysomnogram (PSG) in the sleep lab, or in some cases via home sleep testing.
Insomnia, the most common type of sleep disorder, is when you have difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, or are unable to return to sleep after an early morning awakening. It can be acute or chronic. Insomnia can indicate a wide range of causes including stress, depression, medications, pain, or another underlying sleep disorder. A review of a two week sleep log as well as recent lifestyle changes can be beneficial in diagnosis and treatment of acute insomnia.
If your insomnia has been present for greater than three months, it is classified as chronic. Speaking with a sleep physician can help determine if sleep testing, prescription medications, or Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia is right for you.
Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that effects the body’s ability to control sleep-wake cycles. Narcolepsy effects both males and females most often diagnosed between the ages of 7-25 years of age but can occur anytime.
Patients with Narcolepsy usually feel rested upon waking then feel sleepy throughout the day. Some may wake up frequently during the night or have fragmented sleep or fall asleep in the middle of normal day to day activities like driving, eating, reading or talking.
Other symptoms may include Cataplexy (sudden muscle weakness triggered by strong emotions), vivid dream-like images upon waking or falling asleep, or sleep paralysis.
Sleepwalking, sleep talking, and sleep eating are examples of parasomnia.
Parasomnia are unusual behaviors linked to sleep. Examples of parasomnias are sleep walking, sleep eating, night terrors, head rocking or banging, Periodic Leg Movements or “Restless legs” (leg movements occurring in sleep causing sleep fragmentation and daytime sleepiness), or REM Behavior Disorder (when the body does not lose muscle tone in stage REM sleep, as it should, causing the patient to act out dreams possibly injuring themselves or others)
If you or a loved one are experiencing alterations in your sleep pattern and you suspect a sleep disorder, the experienced team at Michigan Neurology Associates & PC can help.
Your sleep disorder symptoms may vary depending on the type of sleep disorder you suffer from. However, common symptoms include:
You may also be suffering from a sleep disorder if you fall asleep during meetings at work or need frequent naps.
The team at Michigan Neurology Associates & PC conduct comprehensive evaluations to determine the underlying cause of your sleep disorder so you get the most effective treatment.
While some cases can be diagnosed during an evaluation, you may need a sleep study to confirm or rule out a sleep disorder. Michigan Neurology Associates & PC has a well-appointed sleep center at their Utica office. Your treatment then is tailored to the type of sleep disorder you have.
To schedule a sleep consultation, call Michigan Neurology Associates & PC or schedule an appointment online today.