Treat Your Painful Muscle Spasms with Renowned Dystonia Doctors Serving Metro Detroit Area in Clinton Township & St. Clair Shores, MI

Effectively manage your dystonia symptoms with our high-quality treatment at Michigan Neurology Associates & Pain Consultants.

One-on-One Patient-Doctor Interaction

Interacting with the treating doctor in person makes it easy for patients to explain their issues and get personalized professional care.

Comprehensive Lab & Imaging Services

With our onsite lab services, we will quickly and accurately diagnose your condition.

Friendly and Compassionate On-Board Staff

Our healthcare providers are very relaxed and kind, so you can talk to them freely.

Over 20 Exam Rooms

We have over 20 well-equipped exam rooms for your consultation, examination, or noninvasive procedures.

Ambulatory Surgery Settings

We have outpatient surgery rooms for simple and quick procedures that don't require hospitalization.

Prompt and Effective Treatment for Focal, Segmental, and General Dystonia

Prompt and Effective Treatment for Focal, Segmental, and General Dystonia

If you have persistent focal muscle cramps, neck stiffness, or involuntary head or limb positioning, it may be a sign of dystonia. If dystonia is not diagnosed and treated on time, it can aggravate and lead to complications by contractures leading to physical deformity or disability. Problems may manifest with jaw clenching, mouth opening, difficulty speaking or aberrant head positioning.

At Michigan Neurology Associates & Pain Consultants, we offer best-in-class dystonia treatment every weekday (Monday through Friday) at all our locations. Our dystonia doctors will understand the causes and identify the type of dystonia to customize your treatment regimen accordingly, ensuring optimal results.

What Is Dystonia?

What Is Dystonia?

Dystonia is an involuntary movement disorder that contracts your muscles, causing them to slow or twist uncontrollably, thus resulting in abnormal postures or repetitive motions. It can affect the entire body or just one to two body parts.

Dystonia is classified into different types depending on which body part is affected:

  • Generalized Dystonia - Affects all areas across your body.
  • Segmental Dystonia - Affects two successive body parts.
  • Focal Dystonia - Affects one body part.
  • Multifocal Dystonia - Affects two different body parts.

Are There Any Particular Causes of Dystonia?

While the exact cause of dystonia is unclear, it is related to a problem in the basal ganglia, a part of the brain responsible for initiating muscle contractions. Additionally, the neurotransmitters (chemicals) that send signals to the brain may be abnormal in dystonia patients. Though dystonia is linked to an abnormality of the brain, it does not affect your cognitive function or cause mental health issues.

What Are the Risk Factors of Dystonia?

Though dystonia causes are unclear, some factors may increase your risk of developing the condition, including:

  • Family history
  • Infections
  • Lead poisoning
  • Injury to the nervous system or brain
  • Taking some psychiatric medications, such as neuroleptics
  • Doing persistent and precise hand movements
  • Underlying medical conditions (stroke, Parkinson’s disease, and Wilson’s disease)

What Are the Symptoms of Dystonia?

Dystonia symptoms may begin gradually in one area of your body such as your arm or leg, causing uncontrollable movement or cramps in your feet as well as abnormal finger or hand postures. Over time, the condition can further progress, affecting various parts of your body, causing:

  • Hoarse speech
  • Unusual hand movements and/or posture
  • Forced eyelid closure or involuntary blinking that you cannot stop
  • Jaw opening or clenching
  • Trouble speaking
  • Bending or turning of your neck to one side that may increase when you are stressed or tired
  • Tremors with aberrant postures

For some patients, symptoms often begin or worsen with intense physical activity, fatigue, or repetitive hand movements like playing an instrument or writing. If you have laryngeal dystonia (spasmodic dysphonia), your voice box and vocal cards may be affected, causing voice changes, such as reduced voice volume or chronic hoarseness.

How Do We Diagnose and Treat Dystonia?

Dystonia Diagnosis

We will study your medical history and perform a physical examination that includes checking your legs and hands for weakness, abnormal postures, tremors, etc.

To rule out the root causes of your symptoms, we may recommend the following procedures:

  • Blood Tests - To exclude potentially treatable causes.
  • MRI Scan - To reveal if there is a tumor or other lesion of your brain or if its blood vessels have ruptured or blocked(a stroke).
  • Electromyography (EMG) - It measures the electrical activity of the muscles to detect any abnormalities in their movement or control.
  • Genetic Testing - It detects if you have genetic mutations that cause dystonia.

Available Dystonia Treatment Options

Based on your symptoms and test results, we will recommend any of the following treatment options:

Oral Medications

We will prescribe oral medications (Carbidopa-levodopa, trihexyphenidyl, benztropine, diazepam, clonazepam, etc.) that target neurotransmitters in your brain to prevent or limit the movement imbalance.

Botox Injection

We will inject Botulinum toxin into the affected muscles to temporarily and partially paralyze them, thus reducing muscle contractions and stiffness. One Botox injection can provide relief for 4-5 months. Repeating the injections every 4 months can help maintain your results, reducing further dystonic movements.

Alternative Treatments

We may also recommend:

  • Physical Therapy - Includes low-impact exercises and massages to minimize your symptoms, improve your function, and maximize muscle stretching and joint range of motion.
  • Speech Therapy - If you have difficulty speaking or if dystonia affects your voice.
  • Yoga - Utilizes deep breathing, meditation, and simple stretches to ease your symptoms.

When Should You Visit Your Healthcare Provider?

Immediately visit your healthcare provider if you experience sudden or sustained involuntary muscle spasms or loss of control over your muscles.

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Visit Michigan Neurology Associates & Pain Consultants for Dystonia Treatment Today!

Whether you have generalized dystonia, focal hand dystonia, or segmental dystonia, we will treat it quickly with our swift medical care and assistance.

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